This page has been made for you in the name of the good spirits of this town, in the name of the geniuses who have bestowed their talent upon this town for eight centuries. But the town has also been subjected to hardships, which have molded its appearance, as you can see it nowadays in its every corner while taking a walk.
Of course, you are not here to find the routine from home, but to enrich your mind with living memories - all these value much more than bought souvenirs - and Sibiu (Hermannstadt), with its 800 years of history, will give you the opportunity to take back home many beautiful memories.
So, the Small Circle or "Circulus parvus" (today's Small Square) and some of the surrounding streets must have been there since 1100, because starting with 1224 Sibiu was the capital of Southern Transylvania, having its own mint. Nearby is the Great Circle or "Circulus maior" (today's Large Square), first known as the grain market, dating as far back as 1400.
A lot may be said about the town's guilds (19 in number in 1376 and 34 in 1724), about the Evangelical Church, the Town's Gates, the Council Tower, the Brukenthal Palace and the museum bearing its name, which dates as far back as 1817 (built 2 years before the Louvre), Thalia Hall, rebuilt following successive fire outbreaks, the Old Town Hall and the History Museum, the Natural Sciences Museum, the original "ASTRA" National Museum Complex, consisting of a Traditional Folk Civilization Museum and "Emil Sigerius" Transylvanian Saxon Ethnography Museum, the Orthodox Cathedral, the Shelter Church, the Ursulines' Church, the Franciscan Church, the Church amid Fir-Trees, the Brukenthal Secondary School, the Association Museum and ASTRA Library, the Passage of the Stairs, the Goldsmiths' Square, etc.
In Sibiu, Haydn was played one year after the opening night in Vienna, Brahms and Liszt gave concerts, and the great humanists of the time, people such as Andrei Saguna, Lucian Blaga, Gheorge Cosbuc, Octavian Goga, Constantin Noica, and Emil Cioran lived. The hospitals and chemist's shops are centuries old and the technical field may boast its representatives and their unique work: Conrad Haas and his famous manuscript on spacecraft (between 1529 and 1559), Hermann Oberth who put the scientific bases of space navigation techniques and designed and built a functional model of the liquid fuel rocket, the engineers who built the first Car Plant in Ardeal (more than 100 years ago), the tramway, which is among the earliest in Europe, the first "firobus" (an electrically powered trolley) in Romania (built a year later than the one in New York), the hydropower station at Sadu, electrifications, railways, etc.
Each step means history and present, and everywhere you will be accompanied by the "eyes of the city," located on the old roofs. For hundreds of years they have been the mirror of the soul of this friendly place, where people of various nationalities live in harmony, regardless of cultural or religious background.
2007 was an important year for Sibiu as it was designated European Capital of Culture. It was a great opportunity for the city to expand its cultural activities and to develop its tourism industry. Thousands of tourists all over the world came in Sibiu attracted by international music and theater festivals.
The region of Sibiu was named and will be in 2019: "The European Region of Gastronomy". This brings the opportunity to know the gastronomic traditions and the cultural diversity of our region. www.europeanregionofgastronomy.org
We are looking forward to seeing you in Sibiu / Romania, on June 2nd – 4th 2021, at the 10th International Conference on Manufacturing Science and Education, MSE 2021.
For more information about our city and university, please visit also the following websites: